Rabbits are mammals of the Leporidae family, which can be found in many parts of the earth. Formerly, these animals are wild animals that live in Africa to the European mainland. In its development, in 1912, rabbits are classified in the order Lagomorphs. The Order has two families, namely Ochtonidae (kind of Pica which is very clever in whistle) and Leporidae (including rabbit and hare species).
Picture of New Zealand White Rabbit
Rabbit is an animal with two maintenance purposes, namely as a breeded rabbit and rabbit for pet. The meat of breeded rabbit is usually taken for consumption. Rabbit meat in great demand by the public, it is because the texture of meats are soft and tasty and nutritional content is good for the human body. Cholesterol content of rabbit meat is 164 mg to 100 grams of meat, much lower than chicken, beef, sheep, goats and pigs that ranged between 220 mg to 250 mg to 100 grams of meat. (Masanto, 2010)
Rabbits which are farmed has a limited movement around the hutch. The survival of rabbits was determined by the attention and care breeder. The type, amount and quality of feed is very decisive growth, health and breeding. Therefore, feeding should be considered both from the nutrition, quality and quantity of food.
There are several types of rabbits are used as a breeded rabbit, including New Zealand White, Flemish Giant, Rex, Tan, local rabbits and the rejected rabbits. Primary care that needs attention is the provision of adequate food, sanitation arrangements and a good hutch and prevents the enclosure from outside interference. Food that is given to the rabbits is very influential on the health of rabbits. Food that is good is to feed easily digestible and contain high nutrition, so it can meet the needs of growing rabbits.
Picture of Control Hutch
Fattening system commonly used is to use a rabbit hutch that can make comfortable but with little movement. However, there are no stipulations about the size of a good hutch for breeded rabbit, so for breeded rabbit, the rabbits breeder only estimate the size of the hutch in the making. Because there are no stipulations about the size of the hutch which is good, so this research is about the performance and sanitation condition that is good and suitable for breeded rabbit.
This research used two research variables. The first one is the sanitary condition of the hutch, that is clean (A1) and dirty (A2). In determining the sanitary conditions and poor sanitation is the quantity of cleaning. Hutch is said to be clean with 2 times of cleaning in 1 week, while said hutch cleaning dirty with 1 times of cleaning in 1 week.
The second variable is the size of a rabbit hutch that consists of three sizes, namely 40 cm x 40 cm x 40 cm (B1), 50 cm x 50 cm x 50 cm (B2) and 70 cm x 70 cm x 70 cm (B3). This study used the stable control with variable sanitation dirty and the size of the hutch 60 cm x 60 cm x 60 cm for comparison. Thus there are 7 experiments with 2 repetitions, so the total is a total of 14 experimental trials.
The variables observed in this study are the increasing weight of rabbit, environmental conditions and ease of workers. Environmental conditions include temperature, humidity and lighting in the hutch. In this study rabbits used were rabbit aged 30 days with an average weight of 0.8 kg. That is because the rabbit under the age of 1 month is still weaned by the mother rabbit.
At the end of the research, produced an average increase in weight among other rabbits in a rabbit hutch weight control treatment increased from 0.8 kg to 2.16 kg, which produced an increase of 1.36 kg. In the rabbit hutch treatment A1B1 weight increased from 0.8 kg to 2.12 kg, which produced an increase of 1.32 kg. In the rabbit hutch treatment A1B2 weight increased from 0.8 kg to 2.47 kg, so that the resulting increased by 1.67 kg. In the rabbit hutch treatment A1B3 weight increased from 0.8 kg to 2.10 kg, which produced an increase of 1.3 kg. In the rabbit hutch treatment A2B1 weight increased from 0.8 kg to 2.09 kg, which produced an increase of 1.29 kg. In the rabbit hutch treatment A2B2 weight increased from 0.8 kg to 2.14 kg, which produced an increase of 1.34 kg, and the weight of a rabbit hutch A2B3 treatment increased from 0.8 kg to 2.06 kg, so that the resulting increase of 1.26 kg.
Picture of The New Model Of Rabbit Hutch
From this research concluded that a good size of the hutch for breeding rabbit meat is the size 50 cm x 50 cm x 50 cm with good sanitary conditions. Enclosure with size 50 cm x 50 cm x 50 cm with good sanitation easier to clean and provide adequate space for the rabbit. Through surveys of workers that workers produced more easily work with A1B2 hutch, or hutch’s size of 50 cm x 50 cm x 50 cm with good sanitary conditions. That is because it easier to clean, the space based on their size and do not cause sore as in the hutch control.
Thesis of Poppy Diana Sari, Agriculture Engineering Department. Udayana University. Bali